Senin, 22 Maret 2010

The Qolşärif / Kul Sharif Masjid, Rusia Kazan

Senin, 22 Maret 2010
The Qolşärif mosque The Qolşärif masjid
Blue Dome, Blue Sky Blue Dome, Sky Blue
Evening View in Kul Sharif Evening Lihat di Kul Sharif
Never stop beauty
Always blue in Kazan? Selalu biru di Kazan?
Wondering inside Bertanya-tanya dalam
The Qolşärif mosque (pronounced [kɔlʃæˈriːf], also spelled Qol Sharif , Kol Sharif , Qol Sherif via Tatar: Колшәриф мәчете and Kul Sharif via Russian: мечеть Кул-Шариф) located in Kazan Kremlin was the largest mosque in Russia and, reputedly, in Europe outside Istanbul. Masjid Qolşärif (diucapkan [kɔlʃæri ː f], juga dieja Qol Sharif, Kol Sharif, Qol Sheriff melalui Tatar: Колшәриф мәчете dan Kul Sharif melalui bahasa Rusia: мечеть Кул-Шариф) yang terletak di Kazan Kremlin masjid terbesar di Rusia dan, konon, dalam Istanbul luar Eropa. As of 2009, reputedly, it's the second largest mosque in Europe (without Turkey) after Grozny Central Dome Mosque. Pada 2009, konon, itu masjid terbesar kedua di Eropa (tanpa Turki) setelah Grozny Masjid Kubah Tengah.
Originally, the mosque was built in Kazan Kremlin in the 16th century. Awalnya, masjid ini dibangun di Kazan Kremlin pada abad 16. It was named after Qolşärif who served there. Hal ini dinamakan Qolşärif yang bertugas di sana. Qolsharif died with his numerous students while defending Kazan from Russian forces in 1552. Qolsharif mati dengan banyak mahasiswa sambil mempertahankan Kazan dari pasukan Rusia pada 1552. It is believed that the building featured minarets, both in the form of cupolas and tents. Hal ini diyakini bahwa bangunan menampilkan menara, baik dalam bentuk kubah dan tenda. Its design was traditional for Volga Bulgaria, although elements of early Renaissance and Ottoman architecture could have been used as well. Desain adalah tradisional untuk Volga Bulgaria, meskipun elemen Renaisans awal dan arsitektur Ottoman bisa digunakan juga. In 1552, during the storm of Kazan it was destroyed by Ivan The Terrible. Pada 1552, selama badai Kazan itu dihancurkan oleh Ivan The Terrible.
Tatar scholars speculate as to whether some elements of Qolşärif mosque can be seen in Saint Basil's Cathedral in Moscow (8 minarets, a central cupola, not typical for Russian architecture). Tatar sarjana berspekulasi mengenai apakah beberapa elemen dari masjid Qolşärif dapat dilihat di Katedral Santo Basil di Moskow (8 menara, sebuah kubah pusat, tidak khas untuk arsitektur Rusia). Since 1996 the mosque has been rebuilt in Kazan Kremlin, although its look is decisively modern. Sejak tahun 1996 masjid telah dibangun kembali di Kazan Kremlin, meskipun terlihat adalah tegas modern. Its inauguration on July 24, 2005 marked the beginning of celebrations dedicated to the Millennium of Kazan. pelantikan Its pada 24 Juli 2005 menandai awal perayaan didedikasikan untuk Milenium dari Kazan.
Several countries contributed to the fund that was set up to build Qolsharif mosque. Beberapa negara menyumbang dana yang dibentuk untuk membangun masjid Qolsharif. Namely, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates. Yakni, Arab Saudi, Uni Emirat Arab. Qolsharif is considered to be one of the most important symbols of Tatar aspiration to independence and liberty. Qolsharif dianggap salah satu simbol yang paling penting dari aspirasi Tatar untuk kemerdekaan dan kebebasan. Nowadays the mosque predominantly serves as Museum of Islam. masjid Saat ini terutama berfungsi sebagai Museum Islam. At the same time during the major Muslim celebrations thousands of people gather there to pray. Pada saat yang sama selama perayaan utama Muslim ribuan orang berkumpul di sana untuk berdoa.
The Qolsharif complex was envisioned to be an important cornerstone of Kazan architectural landscape. Kompleks Qolsharif itu membayangkan menjadi landasan penting dari lanskap arsitektur Kazan. Besides the main mosque building it includes the library, publishing house and Imam's office. Selain bangunan masjid utama itu termasuk perpustakaan, rumah penerbitan dan kantor Imam.

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